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All explanatory texts were compiled in German and then machine translated. This may result in translation errors. However, this only refers to the explanations to the questions. The translations of the questionnaires were done by TÜV | DEKRA arge tp 21 and are exactly the same as the translations in the theory test. These translations are only available once you are logged in. All other translations on the website were done by a different translation agency.

Wann ist das Überholen verboten?

StVO § 5 overtaking (1) It is left to overtake. (2) Only those who can overlook the fact that during the entire overtaking process, any hindrance to oncoming traffic is excluded. Furthermore, only those who drive at a much higher speed than the one to overtake may overtake. (3) Overtaking is prohibited: 1. in an unclear traffic situation or 2. if it is prohibited by an arranged traffic sign (signs 276, 277). (3a) Anyone carrying a motor vehicle with a maximum authorized mass of more than 7,5 tonnes shall not overtake, without prejudice to other overtaking prohibitions, if the visibility due to fog, snow or rain is less than 50 m. (4) If you want to avoid overtaking, you must behave in such a way that the endangerment of the following traffic is excluded. When overtaking, a sufficient lateral distance to other road users, especially those walking and cycling, must be observed. If you overtake, you have to get back to the right as soon as possible. Whoever overtakes, must not hinder the one who is being overtaken. (4a) The overtaking and re-ordering shall be announced in good time and clearly; The direction indicators are to be used. (5) Outside built-up areas overtaking may be announced by short sounds or illuminated signs. If the driver is blinking with high beam, oncoming vehicle drivers may not be dazzled. (6) Who is overhauled, must not increase his speed. Who leads a slower vehicle, the speed must be reduced at a suitable location, if necessary, wait, if only so several immediately following vehicles overtaking is possible. For this purpose, also suitable side stripes can be claimed; this does not apply to motorways. (7) Anyone who announces his intention to turn left and has arranged himself is to be overtaken on the right. Rail vehicles are to overtake on the right. Only those who can not, because the rails are too far to the right, may overtake left. On lanes for one direction, rail vehicles may also be overtaken on the left.
Wenn Sie nicht wesentlich schneller fahren können als der zu Überholende
If the engine power of your own vehicle is overestimated, this can have very dangerous consequences when overtaking. Thus, the overtaking may take longer than initially estimated and the required route can not therefore be traveled in the planned time. This makes the overtaking process very dangerous. It could be a vehicle on the opposite lane and the risk of a collision occur.
Wenn Sie nicht die gesamte Überholstrecke überblicken
If the entire route can not be seen, it is not possible to estimate what is on the opposite lane (or if there is an obstacle on the own lane). Therefore, it is dangerous to overtake in this situation and you should wait until there is sufficient visibility into the road to overtake.
Wenn die Verkehrslage unklar ist
Thus, an estimation of the driving behavior of other drivers is not possible. According to StVO, the traffic situation must be clear in order to start an overtaking maneuver.

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